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When selecting a cannabis strain, most consumers look to cannabinoid profiles to see how much THC or CBD is in a product, but as our knowledge of the cannabis plant increases through research and development, we’re finding that terpenes are the key to flavour and a host of effects and benefits. Terpenes are a large category of organic chemicals, found in a variety of plants, from oranges to pine trees. Testing regulations in Nevada require that we list the top 3 most prevalent terpenes found in every cannabis product. Below is a list of some of the most common and what you can expect from them.
Pinene is known to help with memory retention and aids in combatting short term memory loss. This terpene is commonly found in sativa strains. It has a forest-like aroma and a clean, fresh scent.
Myrcene is a tropical and fruity tasting terpene. It is found in both sativas and indicas and is commonly associated with mangoes. This terpene is reported to be relaxing as it is commonly associated with the couch-lock effect.
Limonene has a very citrus-forward nose and is also commonly found in sativas. Some users report increased focus and energy from this specific terpene.
The terpene caryophyllene is closely associated with the taste and scent of black pepper. It is found commonly in indicas and is known to be a pain relief aid due to its natural attraction to our CB2 receptors.
Linalool is a terpene that is closely associated with lavender, and is commonly found in indica strains. This terpene reportedly helps in easing anxiety and depression.
Humulene has a very green, herbal flavour and aroma that is similar to that of the hops plant found in beer. This terpene is commonly attributed to curbing appetite and is being researched for its possible anti-cancer benefits.
Terpinolene has a smoky flavour and scent. It is commonly used for its antioxidant and anti-insomnia properties.
Guaiol is generally considered to have an earthy flavour. This terpene may be able to reduce blood pressure and reduce or suppress coughing.
Ocimene has proven to potentially have anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties. It has a sweet, floral scent and is commonly found in plants like pepper, basil, mango, and orchids.
Trans-nerolidol is a terpene that is known to have sedative effects and potentially anti-parasitic and anti-fungal properties. It is found in traditionally very pungent and aromatic flowers like jasmine and tea tree.
Eucaplyptol, as its name suggests, is derivative of the eucalyptus plant. It potentially has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Isopulegol is a terpene that is aids in digestive and gastrointestinal functions. Evidence suggests this terpene may prolong latency in seizures as well.
Bisabolol is derived from the chamomile plant, and has a nutty, fruity scent. It is believed to assist in relieving inflammation and insomnia.
Some terpenes occur naturally in two forms, known as isomers. Isomers are molecules made of the same number and kind of atoms, but arranged in different structures. Pinene comes in very similar alpha and beta isomers, but myrcene, linalool, and caryophyllene are only found naturally in their beta versions. Alpha caryophyllene is called humulene.
Source: The Source